Deadly Marburg Virus Reported in Ghana 2022

Deadly Marburg Virus Reported in Ghana 2022

Ghana has confirmed its first two cases of highly contagious Marburg virus disease, the World Health Organization (WHO) said in a statement Sunday. The announcement was made after two unrelated patients from the southern Ashanti region of Ghana, both of whom later died, tested positive for the virus.

The WHO said the patients had symptoms including diarrhoea, fever, nausea and vomiting, adding that more than 90 contacts were being monitored.

Marburg Virus is kind of fever

According to WHO, Marburg is a highly contagious viral haemorrhagic fever. It is related to the best known Ebola virus disease and has a mortality rate of up to 88%. “The illness started suddenly, with high fevers, terrible headaches and malaise,” he said.

Marburg virus

WHO asked to follow containment measures

The global health body says containment measures are being taken. And more resources will be deployed in response to the outbreak in Ghana. The WHO also warned that “without immediate and decisive action, Marburg could easily spiral out of control.

The virus is transmitted to humans from fruit bats & can then be spread human-to-human through direct contact with the bodily fluids of infected people or surfaces and materials contaminated with these fluids, WHO explained.

The GHS is working to reduce the risk of spreading the virus, including quarantining all identified contacts. This is the second Marburg outbreak in West Africa. The first viruses in the region were detected in Guinea, but no other cases have been identified.

The Ghana Health Authority has urged the Ghanaian public to avoid mines and caves occupied by fruit bats and to thoroughly cook all meat products before consumption, to reduce the risk of spreading the virus. The Ministry of Health said that fruit bats are the natural host of the Marburg virus.

The outbreak in Ghana is only the second in West Africa after Guinea discovered the virus last year. The patient in the Guinea outbreak also died from the virus. No other cases have been confirmed by Guinean health authorities.

In other parts of Africa, previous outbreaks have been reported in Uganda, Kenya, Angola, South Africa and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The 2005 outbreak in Angola was the most intense with more than 200 deaths.

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